UKPSC PCS Syllabus 2021 Uttarakhand BEO Exam Pattern

By | December 2, 2021


UKPSC PCS Syllabus 2021 Uttarakhand PSC PCS Written Exam Syllabus 2021 उत्तराखण्ड सम्मिलित राज्य सिविल/प्रवर अधीनस्थ सेवा परीक्षा-2021 UKPSC Khand Shiksha Adhikari Detailed Syllabus 2021 UKPSC PCS Exam Pattern 2021 Uttarakhand PSC PCS Selection Process 2021

UKPSC PCS Syllabus 2021

Advt No. A-1/E-1/PCS-2021/2021-22

About UKPSC PCS Recruitment :

Uttarakhand Public Service Commission (UKPSC) has recently announced and invited the online applications from the eligible candidates for the Uttarakhand Combined State Civil / Upper Subordinate Services Examination-2021 (उत्तराखंड सम्मिलित राज्य सिविल/प्रवर अधीनस्थ सेवा परीक्षा-2021). Total number of Vacancies for these Posts are 224. Many Interested and Eligible Candidates applied online for these Posts. The Process of Submission of Online Application was commenced from 10 August 2021 and the Last date to apply for these Posts was 30 August 2021. Check the other details from below.

About Exam :

All the Candidates successfully submitted their Application form are Now Waiting for the Exam. Soon the exam will be conducted & The Date Will be Announce on the Official Website. Candidates can check all the other related details below.

Nowadays Competition Level become very high so Competitive Exams gets too tougher. Candidates facing critical problem of “What to prepare” and “How to prepare” to give their best in their exams. So, here we are providing the latest Syllabus & Exam Pattern.

Selection Process :

  • Preliminary Examination
  • Main Examination
  • Personality Test (Interview)

Preliminary Examination

Exam Pattern :

Exam Pattern for the Written Exam is as Follows:-

  • Exam Will be Objective Type.
  • Questions will be in the form of MCQs.
  • Total Number of Questions in this exam will be 300 questions.
  • Maximum Marks will be 300 marks.
  • Every question will be of 1 mark each for Paper I.
  • Every question will be of 1.5 mark each for Paper II.
  • Time allocated for this exam will be 4 hours.
Paper Subject Maximum Marks Time (Hours) No. of Questions
Paper I General Study 150 02 150
Paper II General Aptitude Test 150 02 100

Exam Syllabus :

Exam Syllabus for Examination is given below :-

General Studies (Objective Type)
Paper – 1

Unit- 1

Indian History, Culture and National Movement

Pre-Historic Period- Harappa Civilization, Vedic Civilization and Sangam Age – Mahajanapadas and rise of Magadh; Religious Movements – Jainism, Buddhism, Bhagavatism and Shaivism; Persian and Greek Contacts and other related aspects.

Mauryan Empire – Chandragupta Maurya, Ashoka and his Dhamma; Mauryan Administration, Economy, Society and Art; Kushanas and other related aspects.

Gupta Empire – Foundation, Consolidation and Decline; Chandragupta I, Samudragupta, Chandragupta II, Skandagupta; Gupta Adminstration, Society, Economy, Literature and Art and other related aspects.

Post-Gupta Period- Harshavardhan, Pal, Pratihara, Rashtrakuta, Chola, Pallava Chandel, Paramar, Chauhan; Social, Economic and Cultural Development between 650 A.D. and 1200 A.D and related other Aspect.

Advent of Islam in India- Iltutmish, Balban, Alauddin Khalji, Muhammad bin Tughlaq, Feroze Tughlaq, Sikandar Lodi and Ibrahim Lodi; Administration in Delhi Sultanate, Causes of decline of Delhi Sultanate, Society and Economy during Sultanate period, Indo-Islamic Architecture, Vijaynagar Empire, Sufism, Bhakti movementand other related aspects.

Mughal Empire – Babar, Shershah Suri, Akbar, Shahjahan, Aurangzeb and decline of Mughal Empire, Mughal administration, Jagirdari and Mansabdari systems, Society and Economy during the Mughal period, Literature, Art and Architecture; Maratha, Sikh and Jat and other related aspects.

Advent of Europeans – Portuguese, French, Dutch, British East India Company and British administration(1758-1857), British administration (1758-1857).

Economic impact of British rule and other related aspects.

Socio-religious Reform Movement during 19th Century. Viceroys of India (1858-1947) and other related aspects.

First War of Independence (1857), Tribal, Non-Tribal, Caste and Peasant movements during 19 th and 20 th century; British administration after 1857 and other related aspects. Government of India Act 1858, Administrative and Judicial systems after 1858- Administration, Social, Educational, Judicial Reforms and other related aspects.

Growth of Nationalism in India, Rise of National Movement.

Indian National Congress- Foundation, Moderates and Extremists.

Partition of Bengal, Swadeshi movement, Foundation of Muslim League, Surat Session and the split of Congress(1907), Morley-Minto Reform (1909).

First World War and Indian National Movement- Home Rule Movement, Lucknow Pact (1916), August Declaration of 1917, Indian Revolutionary Movements in India and abroad. Beginning of Gandhian era, Government of India Act (1919), Rowlatt Act (1919), Jallianwala bagh Massacre (13 April, 1919), Khilafat Movement, Non Cooperation Movement Chaurichaura- episode, Swaraj Party, Simon Commission, Nehru Report, 14th points of M.A. Jinnah, Lahore Session of Indian National Congress (1929), Civil Disobedience Movement, First Round Table Conference, Gandhi-Irwin Pact, Second and Third Round Table Conference, Communal Award and Poona Pact.

Government of India Act 1935 – Demand of Pakistan, Cripps Mission, Quit India Movement, Cabinet Mission Plan, Indian National Army, Interim Government, Mountbatten Plan, Indian Independence Act(1947), Partition of India, India after Independence, New activities and Related Organizations and other related aspects.

History and Culture Of Uttarakhand

  1. Pre-historic Period. Proto-historic period.
  2. Ancient tribes of Uttarakhand Kuninda and Yaudheya Kartikepur dynasty
  3. Kattyuri dynasty
  4. Parmar dynasty of Garhwal Chand dynasty of Kumaon
  5. Gorkha Invasion and their rule in Uttarakhand British Rule
  6. Tehri Estate
  7. Freedom Movement in Uttarakhand- First war of Independence (1857) and Uttarakhand Role of Uttarakhand in India’s national movement
  8. People’s movements of Uttarakhand. other related aspects.

Unit- 2

Indian and World Geography

Geography of world : Important Branches, Earth and Solar System, Lithosphere, Latitudes, Longitudes, Time, Rotation, Revolution, Eclipses, Continents, Mountains, Plateaus, Planes, Hydrosphere, Lakes and Rocks, Atmospheric layers, Composition, Isolation, humidity. Ocenic relief, Currents, Tides, Temperature and Salinity. Agriculture, Plants, Insect, Livestock breeding, Power and Minerals, Resources, Industries, Population, Species and Tribes, Migration, Transport, Communication, International boundary line, Environment and World Trade (Regional Economic Group), Geographical Glossary and other related aspects.

Geography of India : Geographic Introduction, Relief and Structure, Climate, Drainage system, Vegetation, Plants, Insect, Livestock breeding, Irrigation, Power, Soils, Water Resources, Agriculture, Minerals, Industries, Population and Urbanization, Transport, Communication System, Foreign Trade, Scheduled Caste/Tribes, Social ecologies, Domicile and Pollution and other related aspects.

Geography of Uttarakhand : Geographical location, Relief and Structure, Climate, Drainage system, Vegetation, Wild life, Minerals, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Irrigation, Major Cities and Tourist Places, Populations , Schedule Caste/Tribes, Transport Network, Power Resource and Industrial development, Natural hazards and other related aspects.

Unit – 3
Indian Polity

National

  1. Parliamentary system
  2. Coalition Politics
  3. Regionalism, Casteism, Communalism, Terrorism and Naxalism
  4. Welfare : SC/ST/OBC’s and Minorities (with reference to constitutional provisions, legal framework, institutional arrangement, process and implications)
  5. Gender Politics (Equality, reservation, empowerment, welfare and safety/ security measures)
  6. Electoral reforms in India
  7. Governance : Institutions and process
  8. National integration
  9. Nuclear policy of India
  10. Environmental Concerns
  11. Economic and financial reforms : Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG) and its impact on politics and governance ; planning machinery and planning process and banking sector (RBI, NABARD and IDBI etc)
  12. Institutional reforms in India like MNREGA, NRHM, JNNURM etc., Public private partnership (PPP) mode.
  13. Citizen Participation in Political and Administrative processes of the country
  14. Civil society
  15. Lok pal and Lok Ayukt
  16. Other related aspects.

International

  1. United Nations
  2. International Organization
  3. Environmental concerns at global level
  4. SAARC, ASEAN , SAFTA and another regional groups
  5. India’s Approach to major world issues : Disarmament, Human Rights and Globalization
  6. BRICS and its importance for India
  7. Other related aspects

Constitution of India

  1. Constitutional Development in India
  2. Constituent Assembly
  3. Preamble
  4. Basic Features of Indian Constitution (Including its various parts, Important articles and schedules)
  • Fundamental Rights and Duties
  • Directive Principles of State policy
  • Constitutional Amendment method and important constitutional amendments
  • Federal and Parliamentary system of Governance in India
  • Parliamentary Committees (Public Accounts committee, Estimate Committee and Joint Parliamentary Committee)
  • Constitutional Bodies : Election Commission and Comptroller and Auditor General
  • Judiciary : Supreme Court and High Courts
  • Other related aspects

Indian Polity –

  1. Union Executive : President, Prime Minister and Council of Ministers, Cabinet Secretariat, Central Secretariat and PMO
  2. State Executive : Governor and Chief Minister and Council of Ministers, State Secretariat and Chief Secretary
  3. Union Parliament and State Legislatures in India
  4. Election Machinery and Process
  5. Political Parties and Pressure Groups
  6. Politicians and Civil servant Relationships
  7. Development of Political Culture in India
  8. Agencies of Political socialization
  9. Evolution and Growth of Administrative system in India
  10. Re-organization of states in India
  11. Administration of Union Territories and other specified states and areas in India
  12. Administrative  reforms (including various important Committees and Commissions)
  13. District Administration
  14. Other related aspects

Panchayati Raj

  1. Local Governance : 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Acts
  2. State Finance Commission : Functions and Role
  3. Devolution of powers to local bodies
  4. Types of local bodies in India : Municipal corporations, Municipal councils, Nagar Panchayat, Gram Panchayat, Panchayat Samities and Zila Parishad
  5. Other related aspects

Public Policy-

  1. Good Governance :Citizen Charter and E-Governance
  2. Prevention of Corruption and Lok Pal and Lok Ayuktas
  3. Right to Information
  4. Right to Education
  5. Right to services
  6. Other related aspects

Issues Concerning Rights

  1. Fundamental Rights
  2. Protection of Civil Right Act, 1955
  3. Various rights pertaining to protection of SCs,STs, Issues related Minorities, Women and Children and Old persons in India
  4. Other related aspects

Political System of Uttarakhand :-

Governance, Governor, Legislation, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, Central State Relation, Public Services, Public Service Commission, Auditing, Advocate General, High Court and it’s jurisdiction, Provision for minorities, Schedule Caste/Tribes, Special State Selection Criteria, Official Language, Consolidated fund and Contingency Fund, Political Parties and Election, Local Government and Panchayati Raj, Community Development, Public Policy, Right Related Issues (Education, Employment, Development etc.) Governance (Prevention of Corruption, Lok Ayukt, Citizen charter, E- Governance, Right to Information, Samadhan Yojna etc.) and other related aspects.

Unit – 4
Economic and Social development

National

  1. Economic Policy : Economic Reforms in India, Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization.
  2. Foreign  Direct   Investment  (F.D.I),   Inflation,  Inclusive  Growth,  Economic development v/s Environmental conservation.
  3. Programmers for eradication of poverty and unemployment. Human Development Index (H.D.I).
  4. Census and Main features of India and population. Population and Economic Development. Issues related to urbanization.
  5. Main features of the union budgets.
  6. Main features of the economy of India.
  7. Natural and energy resources of India, Trade (with external sector), Commerce, Industries, Schemes and Projects and direction of Economic Growth.
  8. Tax reform and and Banking Business.
  9. Planned Development.
  10. National Development Council.
  11. National Income.
  12. Indian Agriculture (Agricultural productivity, Livestock , Green Revolution, Food Security, Food grain prices, Buffer stock, Agricultural Policy, Agricultural/Seed crop insurance scheme).
  13. Indian Financial/Money/Capital/Security Market.
  1. Insurance sector, Tax structure, Public finance and fiscal policy.
  2. Concepts (Rolling plan, Sweat shares, Hawala, Gilt edge market, Black market, Black money etc).
  3. Other related aspects.

International

  1. World Trade Organization (W.T.O) International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD). International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC). Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). South Asian Preferential Trade Agreement (SAPTA), BRICS, OPEC and Other regional Economic and commercial organizations.
  2. International flow of capital, human resources and technology.
  3. Foreign Exchange Regulation Act (FERA). Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA). Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA).
  4. World Human Development Index.
  5. Glossary.
  6. Other related aspects.

Uttarakhand :

Main Features of economy and budgets, Natural and energy resources, Trade, Commerce, Industries, Schemes and Projects, Tax and economic reforms, Planned development, Agriculture, Live Stock, Food security, Public Finance and fiscal Policy, Census, Human Development Index, Tourism, Role of herbs and culture in the economic development. Other related aspects.

Unit -5

General Science and Technology

Science and Technology in India: History and contribution.

Current affairs – National and International Awards, Prizes, Discoveries, Inventions, Science Congresses, Conferences, Solar technology, Application of new technology for human welfare, health and medicines, Environmental Awareness, Natural Bio resources, etc.

State, National and International Scientific and Reaserch Related other organizations- IUCN , WWF, IPCC, WHO, UNESCO, etc.

Information technology and application of computers in daily life, e-governance, etc.

Ecology and environment-Habitat,  community ecosystem, Structure and function, adaptations. Plants and their partition, Traditional agriculture, Commercial agriculture and Commercialization of agriculture, Production of agricultural crops and their regional distribution (State, National and International Level ) , Problems in agriculture field, Agricultural diversity, etc.

Natural resources – Soil, water, air, forests, grasslands, wetlands, marine.

Planning and management of Renewable and non-renewable energy resources.

Biodiversity – Threats and conservation. Ethics and usage

Environmental Crisis: Air, water, soil and space pollution. Laws and Acts, Global warning .

Global climate change – Causes and effects. Concept of remote sensing and GIS Applications. Weather Forecasting.

Application of spread sheet and Data Base Applications.

Physical Science/Awareness – Fundamentals of Computer and Information processing, Basic Computer organization, Boolean Algebra, Logic Gates, Problem solving Techniques and Computer Languages, Business data processing, Data Communication and Computer Networks and security, use of Internet and multimedia applications, Cloud computing, Application of PC, Software Packages, Basics of cyber law, etc.

Matter and its States, acids, bases and salts, origin and distribution of element, hard and soft water, heavy water, purification, batteries, fuel cells, corrosion, nuclear fission and fusion, elements of symmetry, polymers, carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, lipid, hormones, vitamins, medicines and healthcare, dyes, cosmetics, food chemistry, etc.

Mechanics, General properties of matter, Wave motion , Sound and electromagnetic waves, Heat, Light, Magnetism, Electricity, Atomic & Nuclear Physics, Astronomy and space physics. X-rays and semiconductor technology etc.

LIfe Science – Branches, contribution, Natural Resources and their management. Biodiversity,   Biotechnology,   Nanotechnology,   Bio products, Vaccines, Immunization, Health care, Genetically modified organisms, Global warming and climate change, Livestock breeding, Plants and Human welfare etc.

Scientific Glossary.

Natural Resources of Uttarakhand and their contribution to National and International Climate change, etc.

Unit -6

Current events of State, National and International Importance.

Continents and Nations, Important events of Space, Wonders of the World, Religions of the World, Indian States, Famous books and writer of the World/India, Famous Scientists, Important Awards, Indian defence system, Health and Family welfare, Scintific and technical development, Education, National symbols, Protocol in India, Important Human rights and welfare organizations of World/India, Important Religious places, Important Passes, Dances of India, Cultural Institutes, Music, Drawing, Indian Languages, World Heritage, Important newspapers, Important Dates, Sports Landscape, Important Sports and related terms, Conventions/Exhibitions/Festival/Conferences, Important Reports and other related aspects.

General Aptitude Test (Objective Test)
Paper -2

Unit – 1 Number of questions

  1. Aptitude – Statement/propositions true and false statement (syllogism) Analogies, Similarities and differences, Observation.
  2. Communication and Inter personal Skills, Word building, Coding decoding, Numerical Operations.
  3. Logical and Analytical ability
    Logic : Statements- Arguments, Statement- Assumptions, Statement- Courses of Action, Statement – Conclusions, Deriving Conclusions from passages, Theme Detection, Question- Statements, Ven Diagram, Arithmetic number series, Arithmetical reasoning and Figural Classification, Relationship concepts.
  4. Decision – making and problem solving, Decision-making, Visual memory, Discrimination, assertion and Reason.
  5. General mental Ability: direction sense Test, Social Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence, Critical thinking, Puzzle Test, Alphabet test, Data sufficiency, Inserting the missing Character.
  6. Numerical identification – Number & their classification, test of divisibility of number, general properties of divisibility, test of prime number, division and remainder, remainder rules, two-line number series, sum rules on natural numbers.
  7. Statistics Analysis – Presentation of Data through chart, graph, Tables, sufficiency of Data.

English Language Comprehension Skills –

  1. There shall be a long passage in English for comprehension, followed by three objective-type questions, with multiple choices, of 1.5 mark each. These questions will test the candidate’s ability to comprehend the ideas contained in the passage as well as his/her knowledge of English language/grammar.
  2. The four questions (1.5 mark each) based on language/grammar may cover the following areas:
    1. Vocabulary
    2. Antonyms
    3. Synonyms
    4. One-word substitution
    5. Phrases/phrasal verbs
    6. Transformation of sentences

Hindi Language Comprehension Skills –

(अ) हिन्दी -भाषा में बोधगम्यता कौशल हेतु दिए गए विस्तृत अपठित गद्यांश या अवतरण से, प्रतिपाद्य (विषयवस्तु), भाषा और व्याकरण पर आधारित, 06 वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न पूछे जाएंगे। प्रत्येक वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न डेढ़ अंक का होगा तथा प्रत्येक प्रश्न के चार वैकल्पिक उत्तर A, B, C, D होंगे। जिनमें केवल एक उत्तर ही सही होगा।

(ब). 07 वस्तुनिष्ठ प्रश्न (प्रत्येक डेढ़ अंक) अपठित गद्यांश के कथ्य, शीर्षक , उद्देश्य, भाषा, लोकोक्ति एवं मुहावरा, अलंकार, शब्द- विवेक (तत्सम, तद्भव, देशज एवं विदेशी शब्द, पर्यायवाची शब्द, विलोम शब्द, शब्दार्थ), उपसर्ग, प्रत्यय, सन्धि, समास और क्रियारूप आदि पर आधारित होने चाहिए।

Mains Examination

Exam Pattern :

Exam Pattern for the Written Exam is as Follows:-

  • Exam Will be of Descriptive Type.
  • There will be 7 (Seven) papers.
  • Each Paper will be of 200 marks Except Language Paper which will be of 300 Marks.
  • Time allocated for each paper will be of 3 hours.
  • Check the other details from below.
Paper Subject Maximum Marks Time (Hours)
Paper –I Language 300 03 Hours
Paper- II History of India, National
Movement, Society and Culture
200 03 Hours
Paper- III Indian Polity, Social Justice and
International Relation
200 03 Hours
Paper- IV Geography of India and World 200 03 Hours
Paper- V Economic and Social
Development
200 03 Hours
Paper- VI General Science and Technology 200 03 Hours
Paper- VII General Aptitude and Ethics 200 03 Hours

Exam Syllabus :

Exam Syllabus for Examination is given below :-

Paper – I
(Language)

सामान्य हिन्दी, सामान्य अंग्रेजी एवं निबन्ध लेखन

सामान्य हिन्दी – 150 अंक

राजभाषा परिनियमावली (संक्षिप्त परिचय) – 10 अंक

शब्द रचना – 25 अंक

  1. उपसर्ग एवं प्रत्यय
  2. संधि एवं समास
  3. वचन एवं लिंग
  4. व्याकरणिक कोटियां – संज्ञा, सर्वनाम, क्रिया, विशेषण, क्रिया-विशेषण,अव्यय (परिभाषा एवं भेद)
  5. वाच्य परिवर्तन (कर्तृवाच्य / कर्मवाच्य // भाववाच्य)

शब्दविवेक – 25 अंक

  1. शब्दभेद.
    1. तत्सम, तद्भव, देशज, विदेशी, संकर
    2. रूढ यौगिक और योगरूढ
    3. पर्यायवाची, समानार्थी, विलोम, अनेकार्थी, समूहवाची, समरूप किन्तु भिन्नार्थक, पारिभाषिक, शब्दयुग्म, वाक्य या वाक्यांश के लिए एक शब्द, संक्षिप्ताक्षर
  2. शब्द शुद्धि

वाक्य रचना – 10 अंक

  • रचना के आधार पर वाक्य परिवर्तन (सरल, मिश्र एवं संयुक्त)
  • व्याकरण के आधार पर वाक्य परिवर्तन (प्रश्नवाचक, विस्मयादिबोधक, सकारात्मक, नकारात्मक)
  • विरामचिहन
  • वाक्यशुद्धि
  • स्लोगन लेखन

भाषा का मानकीकरण – 10 अंक

  1. वर्तनी का मानकीकरण
  2. व्याकरण का मानकीकरण
  3. लिपि का मानकीकरण
  4. उच्चारण का मानकीकरण

लोकोक्ति एवं मुहावरे – 10 अंक
अपठित गद्यांश (हिन्दी) – 5 अंक (2+5+8)

  • शीर्षकीकरण
  • भावार्थ
  • रेखांकित अंशों की व्याख्या

कार्यालयी पत्रों के प्रारूप – – 20 अंक

  • शासकीय पत्र, अर्द्धशासकीय पत्र, अधिसूचना, परिपत्र, कार्यालयादेश, कार्यालय ज्ञाप, अनुस्मारक, विज्ञप्ति टिप्पण,/ प्रारूपण / संक्षेपण – 5 अंक (5+5+5)
  • हिन्दी भाषा का कम्प्यूटरीकरण शब्द संसाधन, डाटाप्रविष्टि, मुद्रण, इन्टरनेट. – 40 अंक

General English – 20 Marks

  1. Comprehension – (10 M)
    (The passage for Comprehension should test the candidate’s knowledge of English language as well as his/her understanding of the organization of the key concepts of the passage. Questions should focus both on the ideas contained in the passage and on language components, such as vocabulary, phrasal verbs, synonyms and antonyms etc.)
  2. Translation from Hindi into English / English into Hindi -05 M
  3. Common errors in English -05M

Essay Writing

दिए गये दो खण्डों में खण्ड (क) में उल्लिखित विषयों में से किसी एक विषय का चयन करते हुए हिन्दी अथवा अंग्रेजी भाषा में लगभग 500 (पाँच सौ) शब्दों एवं खण्ड (ख) में उल्लिखित विषयों में से किसी एक विषय का चयन करते हुए हिन्दी अथवा अंग्रेजी भाषा में लगभग 700 (सात सौ) शब्दों में अभ्यर्थीगण द्वारा निबन्ध लिखा जायेगा।

खण्ड (क) 55 अंक

  • उत्तराखण्ड की सामाजिक संरचना, इतिहास संस्कृति एवं कला (Social Structure, History, Culture and Art of Uttarakhand)
  • उत्तराखण्ड का आर्थिक एवं भौगोलिक परिदृश्य एवं पर्यावरण (Economic and Geographical Scenario and Environment of Uttarakhand)
  • उत्तराखण्ड का साहित्य (Literature of Uttarakhand) |
  • उत्तराखण्ड में महिला सशक्‍तीकरण : चुनौतियाँ एवं संभावनाएँ (Women Empowerment in Uttarakhand: Challenges and Prospects)

खण्ड (ख) 75 अंक

  • भारतीय अर्थ एवं राज व्यवस्था (Indian Economy and Polity System)
  • विज्ञान एवं तकनीकी (Science and Technology)
  • आपदा एवं जन स्वास्थ्य प्रबंधन (Disaster and Public Health Management)
  • समसामयिक घटनाचक्र (Current Events)
  • विश्व सुरक्षा, मानवाधिकार और भारत (Global Security, Human Rights and India)

नोटः- भाषा के प्रश्नपत्र में न्यूनतम 35 प्रतिशत अंक प्राप्त करना अनिवार्य होगा।
Note : It is essential to obtain a minimum of 35% marks in Language paper

Second Paper

History of India, National Movement, Society and Culture

Indian History, Culture and National Movement

Pre- historic period :- Races and culture.

Proto-historic period :- Early Stone Age- Hunters and Gatherers; Mesolithic Period- Food producers.

Copper Age :- Farming Culture, Settlements, Copper hoards, Ochre Coloured Pottery. Bronze Age Civilization- Harappan Civilization-Geographical Expansion, Town Planning

,Construction and Drainage system. Political System, Social, Economic and Religious life etc.

Vedic Civilization:- Rigvedic Age- Political, Social, Economic and Religious life, Later Vedic Period- Political, Social, Economic Religious and Cultural life, Age of Epic and Dharma Shastras;   Religious Movements in 6th century B.C: Jainism, Buddhism and other sects.

Mahajanapadas and rise of Magadhan Empire, Persian and Greek invasion: Persian invasion; Alexander, the Great and his legacy.

Mauryan Empire :- Chandragupta Maurya, Bindusar, Ashoka and his Dhamma; Decline of Mauryan Empire; Political, Social, Economic, and Cultural life etc. in Mauryan period. Post Mauryan period- Political, Social, Economic, Religious and Cultural life during Saka, Kushana, Pahlava, Vakataka and Satavahana, Rule.

Gupta Dynasty :- Chandragupta I, Samudragupta, Chandragupta II, Skandagupta; Later Gupta rulers and decline of Gupta Dynasty; Political, Social, Economic Religious and Cultural life during Gupta period, Post-Gupta Period: Harshvardhan and his times; Pal, Pratihara, Rashtrakuta, Chola, Chalukya, Pallava Chandel, Paramar, Gaharwad, Chauhan, Post-Gupta Period: Political, Social, Economic Religious and Cultural life.

Advent of Islam in India, Arab invasion of Sindh,Turk invasion of India, Establishment of Delhi Sultanate :– Qutubuddin Aibak, Iltutmish, Razia: Nature of early Turkish rule; Balban: theory of Kingship and Judicial System.

Khalji dynasty : Jalaluddin Khalji, Alauddin Khalji-Expansion of Sultanate, Administration, reforms, Military reforms, Economic Reforms.

Tughlaq Dynasty : Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq, Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq- Political and administrative experiments, Feroze Shah Tughlaq; Mongol invasion and its impact. Disintegration of Delhi Sultanate, First Afghan Empire, Rise of independent Muslim states in northern India- Sharqis of Jaunpur ; Kashmir – Sultan Sikander and Sultan Zainnul Abidin, States of Malwa, Bengal, Gujarat and other States.

Socio- religious movements : Sufism and Bhakti movements.

Southern India : Sangam Age, Yadavas of Deogiri, Kakatiyas of Warangal, Hoysals of Dwarsamudra and Pandyas of Madurai. Chola dynasty. Political, Social, Economic, Religious and Cultural life.

Vijayanagar and Bahmani Empire-Political Social, Eonomic, Religions and Cultural life, Political, Social, Economical and Cultural life of Delhi Sultanate.

Establishment of Mughal Empire :- Babar, Humayun, Shershah Suri, Akbar, Jahangir Shahjahan, Aurangzeb. Later Mughals and fall of Mughal Empire, Bahadur Shah Zafar Mughal administration ; Social, Economic Religious life; Art and Culture.

Rise of Maratha power :- Shivaji and his administration, Rise of Peshwas : Bundelas, Sikhs, Jats and Satnamis.

Advent and expansion of European powers in India :- Portuguese, Dutch, French and British.

Anglo French rivalry and Carnatic Wars.

Colonization : East India Company and Bengal, Nawab- Sirajuddaula, Battle of Plassey, Mir Jafar, Mir Quasim, Battle of Buxar, Dual Government in Bengal, Second Governorship of Lord Clive.

Society and Economy during 18th Century : Expansion and Consolidation of British Power in India-Warren Hastings, Lord Cornwallis, Lord Wellesley, Lord Hastings, Lord William Bentinck, Lord Ellenborough and annexation of Sindh, Lord Auckland and First Afghan war.

Indian States and the British – Mysore, Punjab, Avadh, Hyderabad and Maratha : Lord Dalhousie.

Structure of Government and economic policies of British Empire in India (1757- 1857) : Administrative organization, Social and Cultural policies.

Socio-religious reform movements in the 19th century : Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj, Theosophical Society etc.

Opposition to British rule :- Tribal and non – military revolts, popular movements and military revolts between 1757 and 1856. Revolt of 1857 – causes, nature, expansion, consequences and failure.

Administrative changes after 1858, Economic Impact of British rule. Impact of Industrialization on Indian economy.

Indian National Movement :-Growth ofIndian Nationalism: Rise of Nationalism in India, Predecessors of Indian National Congress. Indian National Congress-origin. Moderates and Extremists in the Congress; Partition of Bengal (1905), Swadeshi Movement (1905), Establishment of Muslim league (1906) ; Surat Session and first split in the Congress (1907) Morley –Minto reforms (1909).

First world war and National movement :- Home Rule movement Lucknow Pact (1916), Champaran, Kheda Satyagraha (1917). Gandhian era: National Movement (1919- 1927) Montague Chelmsford Reforms (1919), Rowlatt Act (1919), Jallianwalabagh Massacre, Khilafat and Non Cooperation Movements (1919-1922), Chauri-Chaura episode (1922). Swaraj Party and Simon Commission (1927).

Revolutionary movements in India and abroad.

National Movement (1927-1947) :- Boycott of Simon Commission, Nehru Report, Lahore Session of Congress (1929), Press and National Movement. Poorna Swaraj, Civil Disobedience Movement. First Round Table conference, Gandhi – Irwin Pact, Second Round Table Conference; Second Phase of Civil Disobedience Movement, Communal Award, Third Round Table Conference, Poona Pact, B. R. Ambedkar and Dalit reform movements.

Nationalist Polities (1935-39) :- Government of India Act 1935, Congress ministries, Growth of Socialist, Communist, Capitalist ideas, their forms and effect on the society. Peasant and workers movements.

Congress and World affairs, Resignation of Congress Ministries, Subhash Chandra bosh and Azad Hind Fauj (I.N.A.), Growth of communalism and demand for Pakistan.

National Movement during Second World War :- August Resolution, Individual Civil Dis-obedience Movement, Cripps Mission, Quit India Movement, C.R. Das Formula, Gandhi-Jinnah Talk, Bhoola Bhai Desai – Liyaquat Ali Pact, Wavell Plan and Simla Conference, Provincial and General elections, Cabinet Mission Plan, Indian National Army, Direct Action Day, Interim Government, Mountbatten Plan, Indian Independence Act 1947.Communal riots and Partition of India.

India after Independence :- Constituent Assembly and drafting of Indian Constitution. Five-Year Plans, Nationalisation of Banks, Abolition of Privy Purses, J.P. (Jai Prakash Narayan) Movement, Emergency, Era of Coalition Goverments, Internal insurgency.

Foreign Policy :- Panchsheel, War between Indo-China and Indo-Pak, Non Aligned movement, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

History and Culture of Uttarakhand

Prehistoric period, Proto-historic period, Ancient tribes of Uttarakhand, Kunindas and Yaudheyas, Katyuri dynasty, Parmar dynasty in Garhwal- Rule, Administration, Society, Economy, Chand dynasty of Kumaon- Rule, Administration, Society, Economy, Gorkha invasion and rule in Uttarakhand, Religion and Culture in Uttarakhand.

British Rule in Uttarakhand :- Administrative System, Social reforms, Economy, Education and Health, Growth of Vernacular Press in Uttarakhand, Tehri Estate- Rule, Administration, Society, Economy, Religion and Culture, Uttarakhand and National Movement, Prominent Freedom Fighters of Uttarakhand, Independence and merger of the state of Tehri.

Popular Movements of Uttarakhand :- Coolie- Begar Movement,unrest against Tehri State, Dola Palki Movement, Chipko Movement, Anti-Liquor Movement, Saints and Social Reformers of Uttarakhand, Movement for separate State of Uttarakhand : Its immediate and far reaching consequences, Religious places and temples of Uttarakhand, important archaeological sites of Uttarakhand, Uttarakhand’s major social, cultural and religious, Fairs, Festivals and tours, Sites of cultural significance, major songs and dances of Uttarakhand, musical instruments, paintings, costumes and food habits, dialects, Prominent folk singers and theatre artists of Uttarakhand, craft, industry and trade of Uttarakhand, Growth of Education in Uttarakhand.

Third Questions Paper
Indian Polity, Social Justice and International Relation

Constitutional Framework of Indian Polity

  • Constitutional Development in India. Framing of Indian Constitution.
  • Preamble and its significance.
  • Salient Features of Indian Constitution. Fundamental Rights and Duties.
  • Directive Principles of State Policy. Federal Structure: Union-State relations. Parliamentary system in India.
  • Constitutional Bodies: Election Commission of India, Finance Commission; Comptroller and Auditor General of India; Union/State Public Service Commission and Other (Appointment, Power and Responsibilities).
  • Judiciary : Composition, Role, Judicial Review and Judicial Activism. Constitutional Amendment methods and important constitutional amendments.

Indian Polity

  • Union Executive.
  • State Executive.
  • Union Parliament and State Legislatures.
  • Electoral system in India, Salient Features of the Representation of the People Act. Political Parties and Pressure Groups.
  • Role of Regional Political Parties.
  • Public Accountability : Parliamentary, Executive and Judicial.
  • Citizens and Administration : Citizens Grievance Redressal Institution and Mechanism, Central Vigilance Commission, and Lok Pal and Lok Ayuktas .
  • Print and Electronic Media- Its impact on Policy Making, Shaping of public opinion and in educating the people and Press Council of India.

Administrative system in India

  • Evolution and Growth of Administrative system in India.
  • Union Government: Cabinet Secretariat; Central Secretariat; PMO etc. Demand for creation of New States.
  • State Government : State Secretariat; Chief Secretary; Departments and Directorates, Boards, Corporations and Commissions.
  • Administration of Union Territories and other specified states and areas in India. Civil Services in India : Types; Characteristics; Role and Performance.
  • District Administration.
  • Administrative Adjudication: Various types of Administrative Tribunals in India. Lok Adalats and Legal Awareness Campaign.
  • Administrative Reforms in India including various important Commissions and committees.

Panchayati Raj

  • Development Administration: Institutions; Policy Initiatives, Strategies, Problems and Challenges. Local Governance: 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments.
  • Types of Urban local bodies and Panchayati Raj institutions in India. Sources of Finance in Urban Local Bodies and Panchayati Raj Institutions. State Finance Commission and State Election Commission.
  • Decentralized planning.

Public Management in India

  • Regulatory Governance.
  • Law and Rule related Administration. Citizen centric Governance.
  • E-Governance. Right to Services.
  • Right to Information.
  • Samadhan Yojana.
  • Budgetary reforms Consumer Protection.
  • Integrity in Administration including measures and mechanism for Prevention of Corruption and Malpractices in India.

Human Resource and Community Development Employment and Development

  • Human Resource Management and Human Resource Development and its indicators in India. Nature, types and Problems of Unemployment in India.
  • Employment Schemes and Programmes both of Union Government and Uttarakhand Government.
  • Rural Development and Community Development Programmes- Role of related Institutions and Organizations including all centrally and State sponsored schemes.

Education

  • Role of Education especially in Human Resource Development and Social Change.
  • Education System in India : Problems and Issues (Including Universalization and Vocationalization). Education for Girls, other Socially and Economically and other disadvantaged sections of people and Minorities, etc.
  • Right to Education, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan in Uttarakhand. Status of Higher, Technical and Vocational Education in Uttarakhand.
  • Role of Various institutions (central, State and Other Organizations) in promotion of Education.

Health

  • Health as a component of Human Resource Development. Health Care System in India and Uttarakhand.
  • Health Indicators.
  • World Health Organisation : Objectives, Structure, Functions and its Programmes. Public Private Partnership in Health Care System.
  • National Rural Health Mission and other related schemes. Health and Nutrition.
  • Food Security Act etc.

Social Welfare and Social Legislation

  • Social Legislation as an element of change.
  • Social Legislation and schemes (Central and State) for vulnerable section of society. Protection of civil Rights Act, 1955.
  • Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989. Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005.
  • Social Legislations for the protection and welfare of Children, Women and Minorities, etc. Sexual Voilence against Women and Children: Preventive Measures.
  • Welfare of Disabled, Aged and Others: Enactments, Policies, Institutions and Schemes.

International relation

  • Principles & Basis of Indian Foreign Policy. India and her neighbours.
  • Globalization and its impact on Developing countries.

International and Regional Organisations:

  • United Nations and its specialized agencies.
  • Regional organizations-SAARC, ASEAN, EU, NAM, OPEC, Commonwealth of Nations etc. India’s Cultural diplomacy and Indian Diaspora.

Uttarakhand State : Political, Social and Administrative Context

  • Historical, Political and Social background of Uttarakhand. Political and Administrative Culture in the State .
  • Political system : Party Politics, Coalition Politics, Role and Functions of Regional Political Parties and Pressure groups.
  • Administrative System : Structure of the State Government ; Ministries and Departments; Administrative agencies and District and sub district level Administration.
  • State Civil Services.
  • State Public Service Commission.
  • Lok Ayukta and State Vigilance agencies.
  • Panchayati Raj and Urban Administration in Uttarakhand. social Welfare schemes of Uttarakhand.

Current Events

Current events of State level, National and International Importance.

Fourth Questions Paper

India and World Geography

World Geography : Definition and Major concepts of Geography, Solar System, Spherical Coordinates & Projections, Time, Earth’s Rotation and Revolution, Lunar eclipse, Solar eclipse, Isothermic Lines, etc.

Lithosphere : Origin of Continents & Oceans- Continental Drift theory, Convectional Current theory and Plate Tectonic theory, Types of Mountains, Plateaus, Plains, Lakes and Rocks, Drainage Pattern, Agents of Denudation- River, Wind, Glacier, etc.

Atmosphere :Composition and Structure, Insolation, Heat- budget, Humidity and Precipitation, Pressure and Wind Belts, etc.

Hydrosphere : Oceans – Bottom Relief, Currents, Tides, Temperature and Salinity, Hydrological Cycle, etc.

Geographical Phenomena : Earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Monsoon, El- Nino effect and cyclones, Natural Hazards and Disasters, etc.

Distribution of natural resources : World Distribution of natural resources – Forests, Iron ore, Bauxite, Coal, Petroleum, Hydel Power, Atomic Power Non-Conventional Energy Sources, etc.

Agriculture : Agricultural Location, Agricultural Types, Agricultural Regions, etc. Industries : Factors of Localization, Textile, Iron and Steel, Cement, Sugar Industries, etc.

Population : Growth, Distribution, Density, Sex-Ratio, Migration, Health, Urbanization, etc.

Main Tribes : Eskimo, Pigmy, Bushmen, Kirgiz, etc.

Transportation : Trans-Siberian railway, Canadian National, Canadian pacific, Cape of Good Hope water way, etc.

Environment : Concept of Ecology and Ecosystem, Bio-diversity – Types and Depletion, Pollution – Air and Water, Global Warming and Ozone Depletion, Concept of Sustainable Development, etc.

World Trade : Trade and Economic Groups – World Trade Organization (WTO), European Economic Community (EEC), Brazil – Russia – India – China – South Africa (BRICS), South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC), etc.

Geography of India: Location, Extent and Federal Structure, Geological structure, Relief, Climate, Drainage system, Vegetation, Soils, Water Resource, Resource Scarcity, Energy Crisis , etc.

Environmental Degradation and Conservation : Air, Water, Soil, etc.

Minerals : Distribution and Production of Iron-ore, Coal, Petroleum etc.

Agriculture : Wheat, Rice, Millet, Tea, Coffee and Rubber, Agro-Climatic Regions, Agricultural Revolutions, etc.

Industry : Location, Production and Trade of Cotton Textile, Cement, Paper, Sugar, Chemical, etc.

Population : Regional Pattern of Growth, Distribution, Density, Literacy, Sex-ratio, Rural-urban structure, etc.

Transport : Railways, Highways, Airways and Water ways and their role in regional development, etc.

Tribes : Habitat, Economy and Society of Gonds, Bhils, Santhals, Nagas, etc and Trends of their Transformation.

Geography of Uttarakhand : Location, Extent and Strategic Importance, Structure and Relief, Climatic Characteristics, Drainage system, Natural Vegetation, Mining and Quarrying, Soils, etc, Agriculture and irrigation, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry, Storage and Marketing of Farm Products, Tourism – Problems and Prospects, Population, Distribution, Density, Sex Raito, Migration, Health, Urbanization and Urban Centres, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled tribes (Bhotia, Tharu, Jaunsari, Buksa and Van-Raji etc), Transport Network, Industrial development and Major Hydel Projects.

Environment and Forests movement – Wild Life, National Parks and Sanctuaries, Natural Hazards and Disaster Management, Chipko Movement and Maiti Movement, etc.

Fifth Questions Paper

Economic and social Development

Economic and social Development

  • Meaning of Economic and Social Development. Human Development Index (HDI) and Human Poverty Index (HPI).
  • Characteristics of Indian Economy : Before and After Independence. Census of India : Economic and Social features.
  • Population growth and economic development. Issues related to Role of women in Economic and Social Development in India.
  • Impact of globalization on Indian society : Poverty and Development. Poverty-lineand Programmes for eradication of Poverty in India.
  • Schemes for Rural and Social Development – Welfare and Developmental Programmes including Self Help Groups (SHGs), MNREGA and community power structure.
  • Sustainable development and Inclusive growth. National Income – Measurement and composition.
  • Regional imbalances and income inequalities in India : Steps taken by the Government to reduce it.

Indian Agriculture and Industry

  • Role of agriculture in Indian economic development-interrelationship between agriculture, industry and service sectors.
  • Problems of Agriculture : Land Reform, Soil fertility, Credit Supply- National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development (NABARD), Farm Subsidies and Minimum Support prices etc.
  • Public distribution system : Objectives, functioning and Issue of Food Security.
  • Industrial Growth and Structure –Public, Private and Joint Sectors, Industrial sickness. Importance of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), PPP Model of Economic Development.
  • Role of foreign capital and Multi National Corporations (MNCs) in industrial development.
  • New Economic Policy (NEP) – Its Impact on Agriculture, Industry and Foreign Trade.

Planning and Foreign Trade

  • Indian planning since 1951 : Objective and Achievements. Market driven and planned economy : A Comparative view. India’s Foreign Trade – Volume, Composition and Direction. Exports Promotion and Imports Substitution.
  • Balance of payments and Devaluation.
  • World Trade Organization (WTO), Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), and Trade Related Investment Measures (TRIMs),
  • World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Asian Development Bank (ADB).

Public Finance and Monetary System

  • Sources of Income of State and Central Government.
  • Effects of Taxation, Public Expenditure and Public Debt. Internal and External Debt. Direct and Indirect Taxes.
  • Budgetary deficit – Revenue, Primary and Fiscal. Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act. Fiscal Policy.
  • Center State Financial Relations and latest Finance Commission.
  • Monetary Management – Monetary Policy, Credit creation and Credit Control. Indian Monetary System – Role of Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and Commercial Banks in Indian Economy.

Economy of Uttarakhand

  • Main Features of Economy of the State.
  • Natural Resources – Water, Forests, Minerals etc.
  • Infrastructure – Physical : Transport, Roads, Railways, Airports.
  • Infrastructure-Institutional : Banks, Self Help Groups (SHGs), Education, Energy, Communication, Health etc.
  • Economic Profile of the State: State Domestic Products and their components, Per Capita income. Main sources of Income – Agriculture, Forest Products, Hydel Projects, Tourism etc.
  • Industrial Development : Problems and Prospects, Large, Medium, Small and Cottage Industries.
  • Economic Planning – Challenges of Planning in the State, State Planning Commission.
  • Major Economic Problems of the State : Natural Disasters, Migration, Environmental Degration, Development of Transport and Communication Facilities etc .
  • Welfare Programmes : Women’s Empowerment, MNREGA, Sainik Kalyan & Punarvas etc.

Sixth Questions Paper

General Science and Technology

Physical & Chemical Science

Motion: Measurement of physical quantities and system of Units Linear motion, circular motion and vibrational motion; force and laws of motion; Universal law of gravitation, gravity, acceleration due to gravity, artificial satellites and their launching, Indian satellites and their history. work power and energy; Concept of pressure, atmospheric and hydrostatic pressure and their utility in daily life; surface tension; Mechanical waves- audible, infrasonic, and ultrasonic, their main characteristics; Earth quake and its causes, epicenter, sesmic waves and their transmission. Electromagnetic waves, their types and characteristics, X-rays, their type and utility in human life.

Elementary idea of LASER, Holography, Radio activity, Nuclear Fission & Fusion, Electric current, its chemical, thermal and magnetic effects; electric motor; electric generator and electric transformer; electric power plant, Domestic power supply and safety for handling electricity; Human eye, its defects, their causes and remedies; Microscope and telescope; Conductors, semiconductorsand insulators.

Energy: Non-renewable and renewable energy sources. Energies like solar, wind, biogas, biomass, geothermal, tidal and other renewable energy; Introduction to solar appliances viz Solar cell, solar cooker, water heater etc. Biogas- principle and process. Energy Scenario in India: Problems of Energy Crises, Govt. Policies and programs for power generation. Nuclear Power Program, Nuclear policy of India- salient features, Recent trends in nuclear policy such as NPT (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty) and CTBT (comprehensive Test Ban Treaty). Thermal Power Program, Hydroelectric Power program, Power distribution and National Grid. Agencies and Institutions engaged in Energy security, Research and development.

Elementary idea of atomic structure; Types of elements and compounds; Physical and chemical changes; Acids, bases, buffers and salts; pH scale; Properties and modern methods of purification of drinking water; methods of production of washing soda; baking soda, bleaching powder and plaster of paris; preparation of building materials – lime, cement, glass, aluminum and steel; Preparation and properties of commonly used dyes, detergents, explosives, paints and varnishes; Properties and applications of petroleum products; Methods of preparing alcohols (Methanol and Ethanol); Polymers : Synthetic fibers (nylon and rayon), commodity plastics (polyethylene, polystyrene and poly vinyl chloride), engineering plastics (ABS and poly carbonates) and rubbers (polyisoprene and polybutadiene); Preliminary idea of medicine and its classification; Food preservatives; Introduction to alkaloids (nicotine and cocaine), carbohydrates (glucose, sucrose and cellulose) and steroids (cholesterol).

Space Technology: Space programme in India and its applications with special reference to industrial, agriculture, telecommunication, television, education and Indian missile programme, Remote Sensing, Geographical Information System (GIS) and its application in weather forecasting, Disaster warning, water, oil and mineral development, urban planning and rural development activities; Introduction to Global Positioning System (GPS), and Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites system.

Life Science

Structure and function of animal cell and cell organelles; Bio-Molecules; Introduction to basic functional aspects of mammalian systems- digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous, excretory, endocrine and reproductive. Blood groups. Chromosomes, linkage, sex- linked inheritance and sex determination, DNA and RNA; Economic zoology (Fish and fisheries,

Apiculture, Sericulture, Vermiculture, Piggery, Poultry, Dairy etc.). Domestic and wild animals, usefulness of animals for mankind; exploitation of animals by man as food and medicine.

Plants and mankind, characteristics of plants, structure and function of plant cells and organelles;Diseases of plants caused by fungi, bacteria and viruses, etc. and their prevention; Basic concepts of ecosystem, food web and food chain; Economic Botany.

Biotechnology:Introduction of Biotechnology, its potential to improve human life and national economy through agriculture (biofertilizers, biopesticides, biofuels, genetically modified crops), industrial development and employment generation. Areas of application -pharmaceuticals, human healthcare, food technology, energy generation etc., Efforts of government in promoting biotechnology in the country. Ethical, social, legal and IPR (intellectual property rights) issues related to biotechnological development.

Introduction and applications of genetic engineering and stem cell research. Use of nano technology in the field of agriculture, animal husbandary (cloning andtransgenic animals applications In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) and genetically modifiedorganismetc.). Biotechnology in environmental clean up process. Production of Hybrid seeds and their processing techniques, Bt cotton and Bt brinjal etc. Tissue culture and molecular markers.

Microbial infections; Introduction to bacterial, viral, protozoan and fungal infections in human beings. Basic knowledge of infections caused by different groups of micro organisms- diarrhoea, dysentry, cholera, tuberculosis, dengue, malaria, scrub typhus, viral infections like HIV, encephalitis, chikungunya, bird flu- preventive measure during outbreaks. Zoonotic diseases; elementary knowledge of vaccines, Immunology basic concepts.

Computer, Information & Communication Technology and Cyber Security

Definition of digital computer, Elements of computer: Input unit, Output unit, Primary memory, Secondary memory and Processing unit. Classifications, generations, applications and limitations of digital computers.

Data, Data processing, business data processing, data storage, file management system and data base management systems.

Software and application of PC software packages: Software definition, Type of software and its value. Knowledge of Word processing, Spreadsheets and Power point presentation software packages.

Basic element of Communication systems, data transmission mode, transmission media, network topologies, network types, communication protocols, network security mechanism. Definition of Internet, search tools, web browsers, e-mail and search engines. IT applications: E-cards, E- shopping, E-commerce.

Role of external state and Non-state actor’s in creating challenges to internal security, challenges to Internal security through communication networks, Role of media and Social networking sites in internal security challenges, Basics of cyber security, Role of biometric devices in security, IT Act (2000), Security challenges in border areas linkages of organized crime with terrorism, Management in border areas by various security forces/agencies.

Environmental Problems and Disaster Management

Types of pollution and their management; air, water, soil, sound/noise, radioactive and e-waste. Industrial waste and its management. Impact of Solid Waste Management, recycling and reuse, Watershed Management, Watershed approach for sustainable development, Human role in pollution control, Environment and human health; Effects of pollutants on animals and plants; urbanisation and industrial development.

Global Environmental Issues like Green House Effect, Green House Gases and their mitigation. Climate Change, Acid Rain, Global Warming, Ozone depletion, Biodiversity and its conservation, Hotspots and threats to Biodiversity. The Environment (Protection) Act(1986) and Forest Conservation Act; Kyoto

Protocol, Carbon Credits and Carbon Footprint; United Nations Environmental Conservation Programme (UNEP), National parks, Sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves and Botanical gardens; Wildlife and its management, human and wild animal struggle; Seismic activity zones; Development and environment;

Disaster Management: Definition, nature, types and classification of disasters, Natural Hazards; Causative factors and mitigation measures; Disaster Management Act (2005), National Disaster Management Authorities (NDMA); Uttarakhand Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Authority; earthquake, flood, cloudbrust, cyclone, tsunami, landslides, drought, etc; Factors affecting mitigation measures; Disasters in the Uttarakhand Himalayan region and other Himalayan States. Need of Eco- Sensitive Zones (ESZ’s) in Uttarakhand. Man made calamities- chemical and nuclear hazards etc. Case studies of various natural and man made hazards   at international, national and uttarakhand state level and their impact. NDRF (National Disaster Response Force) and SDRF (State Disaster Response Force). General awareness on current events of State, National and International level.

Seventh Question Paper

General Aptitude and Ethics

General Aptitude                                                                            MM: 120

Numbers and their classification: Natural, Real (Rational and Irrational), Integers, Division of numbers and Prime Numbers, Operations on Real numbers, Power root method for real numbers, Least Common Multiple (LCM) and Highest Common Factor (HCF) of Integers and their relation & difference.

Ratio and its Properties, Expressing a given number into a given ratio, Comparison of ratios, Respective proportion, Proportional relation between two or more numbers.

Exchange of a number into rate of interest and rate of interest into number, Expressing a given quantity as a percentage of another quantity, conversion of a percentage into decimals and decimals into percentage, effect of percentage change on any number, two step change of percentage for a number, percentage excess and percentage shortness, gain percentage, profit and loss percentage, relation between cost price and selling price.

Effect of change of principal (P), rate (R) and time (T) on simple interest, repayment of debt in equal installments, compound interest when the interest is compounded yearly, half-yearly and quarterly, rate of growth and depreciation, principal ammount, time, rate of interest, difference between compound and simple interest.

Problems on basic concepts of work and time. Simple linear simultaneous equations.

Sets, subsets, proper subsets, null set, operations on sets (Union, Intersection, Difference), Venn diagram.

Elementary knowledge of triangle, rectangle, square, rhombus and circle, theorems related to their properties and their parameter & area, volume and surface area of sphere, rectangular and circular cylinder and cone, cube.

Cartesian system, plotting of a point and distance formula, section formula, area of a triangle.

Analogies, arrangement, causes and effects, family tree, puzzles based questions, sequences and series, code based questions on letters of alphabet, syllogism, statement and conclusion, problems based on clocks.

Significance, sufficiency, collection, classification of data, frequency, cumulative frequency, tabulation and presentation of data: simple, multiple, subdivided bar diagram, pie chart, histogram, frequency curve, frequency polygon, ogives, analysis and interpretation of data.

Arithmetic mean, geometric mean, harmonic mean, median, mode, combined mean of several sets of observations, average by increasing and decreasing of elements of sets, quartiles, deciles and percentiles. Classical and statistical definition of probability, addition and multiplication theorems of probability with simple examples, events, sample space.

Ethics MM: 80

This section will include questions on, candidates in public life, integrity, honesty, attitude, psychology, ethics and related case studies.

Emotional/Psychological /Humanistic intelligence-concepts and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values- lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Attitude: Content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

Attitude and foundational values for Civil Service. Integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections of society.

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from Uttarakhand State, India and World. Need of Public service, Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration : Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations   and   conscience as   sources of   ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in International relations and funding; corporate governance.

Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government.

Right to information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption, challenges for public servents in view of changed envoirment.

Disaster and disaster management, Development of technique, Assistant /Prevailing in law.The role of public servants in disaster management.

Case Studies on above issues.

Interview

Interview Will be of 200 Marks.

Final Words :

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Important Link Area of UKPSC PCS Syllabus:

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